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Knee Pain

What is Knee Pain?

The type of pain described as knee pain is actually a complaint that can happen to people of all ages. Knee pain is a pain that can be felt in different parts of the knee due to many reasons, such as burning, stinging, swelling, sudden stabbing pain, locking, etc., all of which are described as knee pain. Kneecap pain is one of the most common complaints. The reason for this is that the knee joint is the largest joint in our body in terms of volume and carries loads, is one of the most mobile joints, is a joint that is exposed to direct trauma and is vulnerable to impacts. The knee plays one of the most important roles in carrying the body’s weight and creating basic balance. This can cause knee pain and kneecap pain in daily life.

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What Causes Knee Pain?

The knee is one of the largest, most mobile and most loaded parts of the body. This brings with it various diseases and strains.

As MSM, we know how important mobility is clinically. With this awareness, we specialize in knee pain and kneecap pain. The most common causes of knee pain are:

  • Sports with high contact probability; such as football, basketball and volleyball,
  • Common knee diseases are meniscus tears, kneecap dislocations, patellar tendinitis, patellofemoral pain syndrome, chondromalacia patella, etc.
  • Sports that cause sudden movements: Skiing, snowboarding, tennis, etc.
  • Development of osteoarthritis, also known as joint calcification
  • Articular cartilage damage
  • Repeating the same movements for a very long time
  • Professions that put strain on the knee
  • Movements performed without paying attention in daily life, such as kneeling, running, walking downhill, going up and down stairs
  • Sitting position for a long time by bending
  • Hereditary factors
  • Rheumatic diseases such as lupus, rheumatoid arthritis and gout
  • Bursitis inflammation
  • Tumors occurring in the bone, cartilage and soft tissues of the knee
  • Dislocation of the kneecap
  • Accident-related traumas such as falls, sprains, strains and fractures
  • Infections such as septic arthritis and osteomyelitis
  • Avascular necrosis, which is loss of bone tissue due to inadequate blood flow.
  • Diseases that cause blood accumulation in the joints, such as hemophilia
  • Alignment problems caused by structural disorders of the joint
  • Weight and circulation problems caused by obesity
  • Post-traumatic or load-related bone marrow edema

What are the methods used to diagnose knee pain?

As MSM Clinic, we apply a very detailed procedure to maximize the mobility of our patients and make an accurate diagnosis. The diagnostic stages to be applied in order are as follows:

  1. Clinical Evaluation: The patient’s complaints are listened to by our specialist orthopedic doctors in our clinic for a comprehensive anamnesis. Detailed information about the patient’s medical history is obtained. This stage gives us very important findings for the next stage, the physical examination. During the clinical evaluation phase, it gives us very detailed information about a knee problem our patient has previously experienced, the possibility of an existing disease triggering the current knee problem, and whether it is an accident, fall or occupational disease.
  2. Physical Examination: Examination for knee pain begins with a general view of the knee. The knee is checked for swelling, bleeding, bruising or any other swelling. Then, the knee is moved with different maneuvers to reveal pain and mobility. An experienced physician obtains very important information about the knee at this stage. In the light of this information, if necessary, he moves on to other diagnostic methods or starts treatment. Physical examination will give us very important information for tests and other screening tools that will be requested in the next stages.
  3. Imaging Tests: After the knee joint is examined, further tests may be necessary depending on the findings. These tests, which include analysis, x-ray, computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), are advanced trigger tests and are used only when necessary.
  4. Laboratory Tests: Our MSM Clinic doctors may order various blood tests, especially when the cause of knee pain is suspected to be a rheumatic disease or infection. If there is swelling and increased fluid in the knee joint, it may be necessary to drain the fluid with a needle and syringe and send it to the laboratory for analysis.
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Knee Pain Treatment

Knee pain is a general type of pain that covers all knee-related diseases. For this reason, its treatment is very diverse. The variety of treatment will vary depending on the underlying disease or diseases. At MSM clinic, after detailed examination and examinations, we apply the treatment option that is most comfortable and gives the best results for the patient, taking into account both today’s conditions and the patient’s health condition in advanced ages. Accordingly, non-surgical treatment methods, surgical treatment methods or both may be preferred.

Non-Surgical Treatment Options:

A variety of non-invasive treatment options are available for knee injury and pain. These non-surgical methods to treat knee pain:

  1. Pharmacological Treatment: Knee pain is started with drug treatment, especially when it is caused by infection, disease and edema. Depending on the severity of the pain, painkillers are prescribed if necessary in all knee pain-related diseases. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and painkillers are the most commonly used medications.


  1. Physical Therapy and Exercise: Physical Therapy and exercise are of vital importance in the treatment of knee pain. Physical therapy and special exercises to strengthen and stretch tendons, ligaments and muscles, and increase joint mobility are one of the most important parts of the treatment. If there is a procedure requiring surgery, physical therapies begin after the recovery period. After receiving approval from our doctors to return to daily activities, our physical therapists will guide you and show you how to move in daily life and how to gradually increase your movements. They will present a list of physical therapy movements and correct exercises that you can do at home.


  1. Intra-Knee or Point Area Injections: Hyaluronic acid, PRP, stem cell, collagen anakin, ozone or neural therapy.


  1. Prosthesis and Supports: Prosthesis and supports can be used to protect the knee if deemed necessary in case of knee pain. In case of knee pain, treatment aids such as crutches or knee braces suitable for the structure of the knee can be given to the patient to avoid sudden movements.


  1. Rest: If there is no significant cause of knee pain, rest is one of the most important treatment methods for recovery. If no serious damage to the joint structures, such as a tear, is detected by our doctors as a result of the examination, rest, ice application, compression with bandages and elevation of the leg above heart level, known as the RICE regimen, are applied until recovery occurs.

Surgical Treatment Options:

  1. Total Knee Arthroplasty (Knee Prosthesis): If there are important reasons for knee pain, such as meniscus tear, calcification, tissue damage, then this surgery is used. A prosthetic joint made of titanium or plastic material is placed in place of the knee joint.
  2. 2. Arthroscopic Surgery: Using small incisions, a camera is inserted into the joint. The necessary surgical method is applied to the knee, which is displayed in detail.

Randevu / Bilgi Al

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